Glossary of Medical Specialites

Allergy & Immunology
Allergic and immunologic diseases and their respiratory complications
Anesthesia
Anesthesia or relief of pain during surgery and childbirth, and control of pain due to various causes
Cardiovascular Disease(Cardiology)
Diseases of the heart and blood vessels
Dermatology
Diseases of the skin
Emergency Medicine
Diseases that are acute medical or surgical conditions or injuries that require urgent or immediate care
Endocrinology and Metabolism
Diseases of the internal glands of the body, including diabetes
Family Practice
All diseases and related total health care of an individual and the family.
Gastroenterology
Diseases of the digestive tract, including the stomach, bowel, liver and pancreas
General Practice
All diseases and related total health care of an individual and the family
Geriatric Medicine
Diseases of the elderly
Gynecologic Oncology
Cancer diseases of the female reproductive system
Hematology
Disorders of the blood and blood-forming organs (including cancerous disorders of the blood) such as anemia, leukemia and lymphoma
Infectious Diseases
Infections of all types
Internal Medicine
All diseases and total health care of adults, usually 18 years of age and older.
Neonatology
Disease of the newborn child
Nephrology
Diseases of the kidney, including dialysis
Neurology
Diseases of the brain, spinal cord, nervous system and related structures
Neurological Surgery
Diseases of the brain, spinal cord, nervous system and related structures requiring surgery
Obstetrics and Gynecology
Normal and abnormal pregnancy, diseases of the female reproductive system and fertility disorders
Oncology, Medical
Cancer and disorders of the blood and blood-forming organs
Ophthalmology
Diseases of the eye
Orthopedic Surgery
Diseases of the bones, joints, muscles and tendons
Otorhinolaryngology (Ear, Nose & Throat)
Diseases of the ears, nose, sinuses, throat and upper airway passages
Pathology
Tissues and specimens removed by biopsy and surgery to diagnose normal from diseased tissues and specimens; supervises and interprets laboratory tests on blood, urine and other body fluids.
Pediatrics
All diseases and total health care of newborns, infants, children and adolescents
Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Diseases with major and minor disabilities requiring restoration of functional ability such as assistance, retraining and recondition of muscles, tendons and extremities for ambulation and other activities of daily living
Plastic Surgery
Diseases and conditions requiring surgical reconstruction for deformity or loss of a body part, or for cosmetic purposes to improve appearance or function
Podiatric Medicine (Podiatry)
Disease of the foot and ankle as they affect the conditions of the feet
Preventive Medicine
Health care and other measures to avoid delay or prevent disease or illness from occurring
Psychiatry
Diseases affecting mental health including diseases of the brain, nervous system and substance abuse of drugs or chemicals
Pulmonary Disease
Diseases of the lung
Radiology, Diagnostic
X-ray, ultrasound and other imaging techniques such as Computerized Tomography (CT) and Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
Radiology, Nuclear
Diseases requiring use of radioactive isotopes or as an aid in diagnosis and/or therapy
Radiation Oncology
Cancer and other diseases with x-ray therapy, radioactive isotopes and linear accelerator particle radiation
Rheumatology
Diseases of the joints including arthritis and autoimmune diseases
Sports Medicine
Diseases and injuries acquired in sports
Surgery, General
Disease that require surgical operation for diagnosis or treatment
Surgery, Thoracic
Diseases of the chest, including lungs, heart, blood vessels and chest wall, that require surgical operation for diagnosis and/or treatment
Surgery, Vascular
Diseases of the blood vessels that require surgical operation for diagnosis or treatment
Surgery, Colon and Rectal
Diseases of the large intestine (bowel), rectum and anus that require surgical operation for diagnosis or treatment
Surgery, Urology
Diseases of the kidneys, bladder and male reproductive tract that require surgical operation